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All you need to know about Cryptocurrency 

by Ben Abbot
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Cryptocurrency also known as crypto, or coin is a digital currency that is exchanged through a computer and is not centralized in any bank or any government.  It’s a mentoring system that allows anyone to make multiple payments from anywhere. Cryptocurrency transactions exist solely as digital additions to an online database identifying transaction data, rather than as tangible money transferred around and transferred in the real world. 

The name cryptocurrency comes from the fact that it uses cryptography to process payments. This means that storing and sending cryptocurrency data across wallets and even to facilitate the exchange of information requires complex coding. Encryption’s goal is to ensure security and safety. 

Bitcoin, the first cryptocurrencies, was created in 2009 and is still the most well-known today. Much of the investment in currencies is for profit trading, with investors pushing costs upward at times. 

History of cryptocurrency 

The history of cryptocurrency is not too old, it is traced back to the twentieth century. David Chaum from the United States of America created ecash or electronic money in 1983. He executed it to digital cash in 1995. That was the early type of payment through electronic devices. Software is required for users to withdraw money from the bank or an encrypted or security password or key is also required prior to sending it to the receiver.  

How to Make a Mint: The Cryptography of Anonymous Electronic Cash was published in 1996 by National Security Agency. The publication stated about the system of cryptocurrency. The cryptocurrency was also added to the review of American Laws as Volume 46, Issue 4.  

Wai Dai 1996 published “b-money” which stated regarding cash system via electronic devices. Afterward, Bit gold was described by Nick Szabo.  

Satoshi Nakamoto stated the concept of decentralization of cryptocurrency in 2009. Namecoin was attempted to be created in April 2011, which would have made the censorship of computers very troublesome. Later, in October 2011, the Sha-256 function was replaced by Litecoin as the hash function. Peercoin is also a noteworthy crypto-currency function that used proof-of-shake hydrid. In 2014, August UK stated about cryptocurrency commissioned by Treasury. The study stated whether the cryptocurrency would be a reasonable choice for the state and public of the United Kingdom. Uk issued crypto asset’s consultation in 2021. The first country to accept as legal tender of bitcoin was El Salvador and the acceptance took place in June 2021.  This happened when 62-22 votes were given in the favour of bitcoin in the legislative assembly. The bill was passed and submitted subsequently to Nayib Bukele the president of El Salvador. 215 resolution was followed by Cuba to regulate and recognize cryptocurrency i.e., bitcoin. However, the downfall of cryptocurrency began when the world’s largest market China’s government called the bitcoin transaction illegal.  

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Digital Ledger  

Digital Ledger keeps the record of coin ownership of the individual. It is using cryptography strongly for securing the record of the transaction as well as to control the coins that are added and verify coin ownership’s transaction. 

Cryptocurrency is considered a currency or not? 

Irrespective of its name cryptocurrency is not considered currency traditionally. However, there are varieties of treatments that were applied to it for instance commodities securities, and currencies, though it is considered a different class from other currencies in terms of practice.  

Proof-of-Stake Model 

According to the model of proof-of-stake, the owner got the permission to put up his or her tokens collaterally, Thus, that individual gets the ownership over that token compatible with the amount he or she stake. Additionally, that individual gets extra ownership of tokens through network fees, reward mechanisms, and tokens that are newly minted. The cryptocurrency is not centralised nor it is present in the physical form.   

Decentralisation 

Unlike the digital currency of the central bank, it uses the decentralised control for its owners or users. Conversely, the cryptocurrency is centralised when it is minted but when decentralised it works through blockchain which is a source of database public transactions. 

As discussed, earlier cryptocurrency is only available online, blockchain builds it and encryption is used for security purposes and there are over thousands of forms of cryptocurrency across the globe. There has been an up and down or decline and rise in the prices of cryptocurrency. 

Bitcoin 

Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency that was released through software in the year 2009. After its release, many others also were created. 

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Litecoin: 

 This cryptocurrency is the most similar to bitcoin, although it has moved faster to build new improvements, such as speedier payments and procedures to allow for more activities. 

Ripple: 

Ripple was founded in 2012 and is a digital ledger. Ripple could be used to track a variety of transactions, not simply cryptocurrency exchanges. It was developed in collaboration with a number of banking institutions. To separate themselves from Bitcoin, non-Bitcoin cryptocurrencies are referred to as “altcoins.” 

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